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Vaccinations

Prophylactic vaccination

The most dangerous and common infectious diseases of cats: viral rinotraheit, kaltsivirusnaya infection, feline panleukopenia and rabies. Since their mother's milk kitten can get as antigens (ie, direct viral particles) or antibodies (called colostral immunity-mother's cat gets immune cells that protect his first lifetime). If the kitten
is infected with a communicable disease from the mother, then to 2-3 months, when people will be vaccinated, naturally clinical signs and even the disease has already manifested. But in any case, check-up before vaccination is necessary. Theoretically, the kitten can be a carrier of viral diseases (sick) from other animals, even in the clinic waiting for the reception. So never give vaccinations 100% guarantee that the animal is not sick.As for live vaccines. In modern medicine, they are used infrequently. They are dangerous, can cause adverse reactions for a weakened organism are very painful. Therefore, in practice now used inactivated freeze-dried vaccine. The first vaccination should be done at the age of 2-3 months. In an earlier age, high levels of maternal antibodies, which are kittens with milk, so vaccination in this period neeffektivna.Zhelatelno vaccinate vaccine import manufacturers. Vaccination myriad, but the gentleness and effectiveness, we are most like 3 or 4-valent vaccine Nobivak Tricket "Holland (instill her kittens), or" Kvadriket, France (instill her adult animals)Any vaccine is the first time is twofold: first complex of major infections besides rabies, the second time in 3-4nedeli are the same infection + rage on-year.If the vaccine Nobivak: first is Tricket (three diseases), and then booster-Tricket + Rabiez (rabies), annually-Tricket + Rabies.If the vaccine Kvadrikat: first is Leukorifellin, revaccination-Kvadriket.
Terms of revaccination with different vaccines are different. Nobivak - 3-4 weeks, Kvadriket - 2-3 weeks.Make sure that the medication were recruited from the ampoule, which is a good shelf life, with a supply of preferably not less than six months. Otherwise, vaccination would be ineffective, at worst - could cause irreparable harm to the kitten. Pre-ask, do not overdue it immunized in this clinic, if there is doubt, it is better to postpone the trip. Do not forget your pet's health is in your hands! "Of course, all these diseases are easier to prevent than to cure. All information about a vaccination recorded in the veterinary passport, which is registered veterinarian stating the type of vaccine, date of vaccination and registration number in the journal Vaccine. This is especially important if you plan to participate in exhibitions or are planning to travel with your pet in the country or abroad.
Vaccination scheme most appropriate for kittens:

* Kittens first time we vaktsiniruem aged 9-12 weeks (optimally in 2 months.) Polyvalent vaccine Nobivac Tricat
* The follow-up vaccinations at 3-4 weeks of the same vaccine plus rabies vaccine. But the timing of revaccination forward so that the kitten at the time of revaccination have turned 3 months (since vaccination against rabies put only 3 months old).

Adult animals vaccinated once a year every year.

Active immunity to develop into not earlier than 10 days after the vaccination, this period must be careful to make sure that animals do not supercool, you can not walk with them on the street is not recommended to wash them.If contact with sick animals have already occurred or the disease at an early stage of development, it is possible to use the hyperimmune sera (vitafel). Serum - a ready-made antibodies to viral diseases of dogs and cats, it provides passive immunity for 2 weeks.

Terms of vaccination:

1. Vaccination can only be clinically healthy animals.
2. 7-14 days (depending on the drug) vaccination is necessary to deworming, as helminths produce toxins that weaken the immune system and making the vaccine ineffective.
3. Vaccination (especially the first vaccination) should conduct a veterinarian at the clinic, because it does not exclude such a negative action of vaccines, as various allergic reactions, up to harsh conditions of anaphylaxis. Therefore, prevention and protection from these consequences prior to inoculation used any of
protivogistaminnyh drugs (diphenhydramine, suprastin, tavegil).
Thus, the animal you vaktsiniruya protects it from diseases such as:
- Feline panleukopenia - one of the most highly infectious disease of cats, then rinotraheit, kaltsivirusnaya infection. You will say - my cat never walks on the street - it can get? Transmission can be a variety of ways: his vast amount contained in the faeces of infected animals, as in saliva, urine, vomit and blood. That means stepping on the street in a puddle you can well bring the virus home - on their shoes.

Consider the disease in order.

* Feline panleukopenia (PC) - it vysokokontagioznoe, widespread disease. The disease is characterized by a significant decrease in the number of leukocytes (leukopenia) and the destruction of the intestinal mucosa, leading to enteritis.
This virus is very stable, resistant to heat and disinfectants, and can exist in the infected premises for a year (Johnson, 1966, 1969). The severity of disease from latent infection with slight fever and leukopenia to severe flow up to the fatal outcome. The first symptoms - lethargy, fever, refusal to eat or drink, vomiting. Diarrhea in the early stages is less common. 2-3 days - detailed clinical picture - profuse diarrhea, severe dehydration and, consequently, electrolyte imbalance. Mortality rate 25-75% (Gillespie Scott, 1973).
* Rinotraheit (herpes virus type 1 cat) (HVA 1) - it is relatively unstable (12 hours in dry conditions and 18 - in the rain). Very sensitive to heat, acid and conventional disinfectants (bleach). Symptoms of the disease - depression, lack of appetite, runny nose and fever, developed conjunctivitis may develop shortness of breath and cough. In the analysis of blood - leukocytosis. Mortality rates are generally nevysokiy.Okolo 50% of recovered cats can excrete the virus in the wild - often during times of stress (and lactation). It should be noted that any animal with an analysis of respiratory disease or recurrent symptoms should be considered as a virus carrier.
* Kaltsivirusnaya infection (ICC) - is more stable than the HVA 1 (up to 1 week in a moist environment), but also inactivated by chlorine izvestyu.Simptomy, which we normally observe the following: oral ulcers - is sometimes the only symptom; pneumonia - not very frequently and 85% of the total nedomoganie.Okolo sick cats spread through the ICC nasopharynx. The disease is more common in nurseries. Some cats virus carrier lasts a lifetime. Media ICC are very common. One can generalize that viral respiratory infections can spread in areas where cats come together.
 
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